The Science of Period Pains: Why They Happen and How to Manage Them

For many people, the regular onset of menstruation is not just a sign of reproductive health but also heralds the often unwelcome arrival of period cramps. Delving into the scientific reasons behind these cramps and finding effective ways to manage them can change how this element of menstrual well-being is perceived, from an ordeal to something more manageable. Our 100% organic Kiko Moon Balm is specially designed to tackle period cramps.Β 

According to a study published in the Journal of Pain Research, 84.1% of women experience menstrual pain, with 43.1% experiencing it during every cycle and 41% during some cycles. This article aims to explore the causes and solutions for period pains, backed by medical expertise and research in the field of menstrual health.

Why Do Period Pains Happen?

Period pains, medically known as dysmenorrhea, are primarily caused by prostaglandins, hormone-like substances involved in pain and inflammation. During menstruation, the lining of the uterus (endometrium) breaks down and is shed, leading to the release of prostaglandins. These substances cause the uterine muscles to contract to help expel the lining, which can lead to pain and discomfort. For some, these contractions are merely annoying; for others, they can be severe enough to interfere with daily activities.

There are two types of dysmenorrhea: primary and secondary. Primary dysmenorrhea refers to common menstrual cramps that are not caused by other diseases. These pains typically begin shortly before or at the onset of menstruation and may last from one to three days. Secondary dysmenorrhea is pain that stems from reproductive system disorders, such as endometriosis, fibroids, or Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS). Women with PCOS may experience more intense and frequent period cramps due to hormonal imbalances and the presence of multiple small cysts on the ovaries. This type of pain often lasts longer and may not align directly with the menstrual cycle. Recognizing these underlying conditions is crucial for effective diagnosis and treatment, which may include hormonal therapy, lifestyle adjustments, and targeted pain management strategies.

How to Manage Period Pains

While period pains can be a significant discomfort, there are numerous strategies for managing them, ranging from lifestyle changes to medical treatments. Here are some effective approaches:

  1. Organic Supplements: Organic supplements like Kiko Moon Balm are effective in managing and reducing pain caused by menstruation. The Kiko Balm is a blend of ancient wisdom and modern science, crafted to offer natural, instant relief. Born from generations of herbal and plant-based healing, this balm is a testament to the enduring power of nature in addressing women’s health challenges.
  2. Heat Therapy: Applying heat to the lower abdomen can help relax the uterine muscles and reduce pain. Heat patches, hot water bottles, or warm baths are simple yet effective remedies.
  3. Exercise: Regular physical activity, especially aerobic exercises like walking, running, or swimming, can help alleviate menstrual pain by increasing blood flow and releasing endorphins, the body's natural painkillers.
  4. Dietary Adjustments: Some studies suggest that a diet low in fat and high in vegetables may help reduce menstrual pain. Foods rich in omega-3 fatty acids, magnesium, and vitamin E are also thought to be beneficial.
  5. Stress Management: Techniques such as yoga, meditation, and deep-breathing exercises can help reduce stress, which might exacerbate menstrual pain for some individuals.
  6. Alternative Therapies: Acupuncture and acupressure have been shown to be effective in reducing menstrual pain for some women. However, it's important to seek treatment from a qualified practitioner.


Understanding the underlying causes of period pains and exploring various management strategies can empower individuals to take control of their menstrual health. While the experience of menstrual pain varies widely among individuals, the availability of effective pain management techniques means that suffering in silence need not be the norm. By consulting healthcare professionals and experimenting with different management strategies, it's possible to find relief and improve quality of life during menstruation.

Remember, menstrual health is an important aspect of overall well-being, and addressing period pains is a step toward acknowledging and caring for the body's needs. Whether through medical treatment, lifestyle changes, or a combination of both, managing period pains is not just about alleviating discomfort but also about nurturing one's health and vitality.

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